I just received the following ACS message:
Date: 29 January 2008
To: U.S. Embassy Warden System
Subject: Passports for Minors – Parental Consent – New Passports Fees
To protect children from abduction, and to address concerns regarding runaway children, beginning February 1, both parents will be required to personally appear at a passport acceptance facility, passport agency or U.S. consular section abroad with minor applicants under the age of 16 (up from age 14) and sign the application.
New application forms as well as new passport fees, and updated information on applying for a Passport will be available February 1 at http://travel.state.gov/passport.